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iii. Social Campus

As part of their Corporate Social Responsibility (RSC), the UIB and the UdG perform multiple actions to integrate the social model in the campus, which are perfectly included in their daily schedules.  Many of them are very similar at both universities. Others address a Campus’ specific needs. Finally, there are actions in which the two universities complement one another. Sharing these will be will be a key factor for strengthening their links. The objective is not only about contributing to sustainability like most other organisations, but more significantly its objective is to train and set a training objective and an example for both the university community (students, teaching and research staff, administration and services staff) and the social environment .

The new EHEA proposes the need to adapt traditional campuses to new models of education and social development. The campus of both universities is in a perfect position to develop them, and to apply new technologies, which serve to create practical spaces for different courses. However, the need for two distinct approaches should be highlighted: The UIB campus has the advantage of being located in natural surroundings, with 422,850 m2 of open space, including wetlands, rural agricultural areas and tertiary purification systems, whereas the various UdG campuses boast of the advantages of perfect integration in the very fabric of the city, where the university has played an important role in its development, enhancement and integration. For many years the UdG campus has undergone development, always complying with environmentally friendly criteria for its construction, and has become both an element of sustainable development for the area as well as an educational environment. The restoration of buildings in the old town centre (Barri Vell), the consolidation of the River Park in the PCiT and the environmental planning that went into the city planning and activation of the Montilivi and Barri Vell campuses, and the actions stemming from this planning, all provide good examples of this.

The Social Campus’ current situation


The Campus as a platform for new teaching models (the Social Campus’ current situation)

The e-MTA Campus combines a whole series of strategic actions that create a model of conduct, integration in the surroundings and brings together the local community and the campus.

New technologies have been integrated At the UIB’s campus with innovative initiatives, such as tertiary purification pools, directional photovoltaic panels and various industrial facilities, among others, and these can be used as educational material. Educational tours are carried out, as well as intensive training sessions on environmental aspects of the campus, as part of the Training Programme for students, administration and services staff, and teaching and research staff, therefore they are being used for their teaching purposes and as a chance to provide educational tours, which have also been extended to include students from other institutions.

The UdG and the organisations associated with the Campus have a major impact on the local area. The UdG alone already employs 1.27% of the total working population in Girona. Its role as a player within the city and the surrounding area requires that it must have a responsible impact, especially bearing in mind its fundamental role in training professionals and people who will shape the future. The existence of the Environmental Institute and the Environmental Science degree has played a fundamental role in understanding the large scale environmental work undertaken by the UdG through the Green Office. Making the campus environmentally friendly and contributing to sustainability are part of the Strategic Plan 2008-2013 and the annual sector plans through which it is implemented.

UdG environmentally friendly
Strategic plan to make the UdG environmentally friendly

The UdG has made continual investments in the environment and applied sustainability on the campus, by means of training. The Environmental Institute and the Environmental Science degree have certainly been driving forces and allies in this strategy. Extensive mobility actions have been implemented, with tangible results. Environmental criteria and planning are applied to the campus’ urban development. We have worked on introducing ecology into the curriculum (degree, master’s and PhD), preventing municipal waste and there are several thermal composting plants. The number of solar panels has been increased, green purchasing is being implemented and we have set up the e-hitchhiking project, among other actions.

The UIB’s campus
Design of an artistic campus in to university artistic activities

The UIB Students Union proposed the Cooltura programme of activities, which facilitates involvement by contemporary artists at the university campus, where public space is seen as a place for displaying artwork.

Landscaping with low water requirements

The UIB has introduced new technologies and management systems to provide knowledge directly to the university population. In fact they are used as teaching materials during visits, seminars and internships.

Water is a very scarce and valuable resource in the Balearic Islands. In order to raise awareness among the population, the UIB has stopped sprinkling 97% of the lawn area, replacing it with natural Mediterranean meadowland and thus saving 145,000 m3/year. Only plants with low water requirements are used in the landscaped areas, predominantly native ones.

 

Purifying by creating pools

At the UIB, there are extensive sewage recycling and purification systems with three stages: creating pools, artificial wetlands and green filters with trees planted to infiltrate the water-bearing layer. So far we have been able to create the pools for tertiary purification, but the rest of the stages must still be implemented.

Use of hot water from the cooling system at the ParcBIT cogeneration plant

There is a cogeneration plant in the ParcBit Technological Park. The surplus hot water from the cooling system is used on the UIB’s campus as a heating system.

Use of solar energy. CCStaR project

There is a photovoltaic plant connected to the electricity grid on the UIB’s campus. It also has a set of thermal solar power fittings to heat water.

The CCStaR project is a prototype developed by Tecnología Solar Concentradora S.L., the Building Engineering and Energy Management Group of the Department of Physics at the UIB and the UIB’s Engineering Department, with economic support from ParcBit. A pilot plant was set up in a hotel on Palma Beach. The main application of this technology in the Balearic Islands is in the tourist industry and associated services. This technology has resulted in two patents being registered.

Use of the countryside

The modification to the campus’ urban planning will make the campus’ wetland very important. A sports track is also planned, for practising aerobics in the campus’ rural area, which will include an apiary for research purposes, an archaeological park, a station for the Spanish Meteorology Agency (AEMET) and a constant effort centre for the Balearic Group of Ornithology and Defence of Nature (GOB) for the observing, catching and ringing birds. Experimental crops will also be grown there, although traditional management of the existing non-irrigated farming will still continue.

Sustainable transport

At the UIB, due to the distance of the Campus’ from the city, which is 7.5 km away, the UIB has worked extensively on sustainable means of transport, collaborating with the transport companies of various councils.

The campus has good public transport systems: EMT bus lines 19 and 9 in Palma, the Calvià bus and north bus lines 200 and 210. After various campaigns and applications submitted to the government of the autonomous community, an underground railway line was built. It is the only one in the Balearic Islands and links the UIB to the city centre of Palma.

The campus buildings are connected to the underground station by a bus that takes a circular route, which will be extended to include ParcBit. It is an initiative co-funded by the UIB, Palma Council, ParcBit and the Department of Environment and Mobility of the Balearic Government.

Apart from the campaign to raise awareness among the university community about the use of bicycles as alternative transport, which is being carried out by both the UIB and various student groups, the campus has bicycle parks, a cycle track connecting the campus with Palma and a bicycle loan service promoted by the Balearic Government on the UIB’s campus and in ParcBit.

A UIB initiative, the Transport Exchange, on the UIB’s website, helps the university community find people to share private transport.

The UIB has a Mobility Plan which, along with ParcBit, falls within the framework of the European BENEFIT project, (http://www.eu-benefit.eu), funded by the European Union. Its primary objective is to change people’s transport habits, encouraging a greater use of public transport and other more efficient means of transport than using a private vehicle, in terms of energy use. This promotion of more sustainable habits is being launched through activities to inform, promote and motivate people, which must go hand in hand with measures to manage mobility.

Ecological urban planning and bioclimatic architecture

One example of a joint action by both universities is that the administrative bidding conditions in calls to design and build urban areas and buildings include requirements of this kind. When the bids are assessed, environmental aspects are taken into consideration under the supervision of the UIB’s Environmental Management and Sustainability Office and the UdG’s Green Office.

The UdG’s Campus

Mobility

Various actions have been carried out in recent years to raise awareness and encourage sustainable mobility. These actions include the following:

  1. An Interactive car-sharing system
  2. Bicycle and electrical bicycle lending service, and cycle routes to access the Campus
  3. Public transport agreements (RENFE (trains) and bus and coach services)
  4. An interactive system for planning unavoidable travel with public transport
  5. Improvements in the connections within and between campuses
  6. The “a la carte mobility” website
  7. The sustainable accessibility plan at the Barri Vell Campus
  8. Pedestrian routes: Walk to the UdG campaign
  9. Implementation of the e-hitchhiking project: software to manage a dynamic carpooling system through new technologies

These actions have already been shown to be successful in recent years, as can be seen in the figure below:

UdG modes of transport

Change in means of transport used to access the UdG
Organising and adapting spaces

Although we mentioned this regarding the actions for the physical campus, in this section we need to stress the environmental planning of urban development and promotion of the Montilivi Campus (previously a rural area) and the Barri Vell Campus (in a historic neighbourhood of the city), and the environmental criteria for development of the UdG’s Technological Park, as well as other actions:

  1. Prevention of natural disasters
  2. Surface water drainage network on Montilivi campus
  3. Environmental impact studies on urban development and building processes at the UdG
  4. A plan to protect seasonally wet areas on the Montilivi Campus;
  5. Ecological landscaping
  6. A comprehensive plan for organising the open areas of the campus
  7. Noise control of the Montilivi Campus.
Waste management

The UdG has worked on the issue of waste, by both improving the environmental impact of its activity and carrying out actions that provide training opportunities, especially for students, but also for the rest of the community. We have carried out the following actions in this field:

  1. The municipal waste prevention strategy: for example, the UdG multi-use cup for all staff, Recycling of the paper on both sides of trays, etc.;
  2. The Els encants. UdG recycling project;
  3. The laboratory by-product exchange, knowledge exchange and university material exchange
  4. Areas for placing and separating waste in all UdG centres
  5. Skips for glass, paper, packaging, batteries, toner and bulbs
  6. The PC donation project
  7. The bicycle donation project
  8. The thermal composting plant project at the Faculty of Science, which will be extended to the rest of the teaching centres
  9. Projects to hold environmentally-friendly parties and events: multi-use cup, compostable or recyclable disposable single-use material
  10. The micro-scale teaching internship project
Making the best use of resources

The best use of resources is approached at different levels:

  1. Setting environmental building criteria at the UdG: architectural design, equipment design and choice of materials
  2. the e-administration project
  3. Environmental audits by the Faculty of Science and Higher Polytechnic School
  4. Action to save and make best use of liquids: temperature settings, replacement of fluorescent lights with low-consumption bulbs and LEDs, presence detectors, light-sensitive cells to turn on lighting in public places (libraries, the Faculty of Science and Faculty of Education and Psychology), scheduled urinal flushing, twin flushes on toilet cisterns, push-button automatic taps, etc.
  5. Green purchasing: manual for acquiring products and contracting services in an environmentally friendly manner at the UdG, fair-trade coffee in all cafés and vending machines
  6. Ensuring the technical conditions in service contracts are environmentally-friendly: maintenance, cleaning, copying, cafeteria and supplies
  7. Commitment to renewable energy: Universol photovoltaic park project, independent photovoltaic streetlights to access the sport complex, wind-powered generator and geothermal plant in the Higher Polytechnic School, and the future expansion of the photovoltaic plant: experimental plant using the mono-crystalline silicon system and amorphous silicon system.
  8. Collecting rainwater from the parking area in the Faculty of Science
Introducing ecology in the curriculum and environmental information

The UdG has a comprehensive environmental curriculum with a modern degree in Environmental Science, a Master’s and Ph.D. in the environment, as well as courses and free-choice subjects such as City dynamics: socioeconomic and environmental setting and other actions that have contributed to training not only students, but also teaching and research staff, and administration and services staff about sustainability. This action includes the following:

  1. Virtual laboratory
  2. Environmental volunteers training
  3. ACES Project: alpha programme to introduce the environment into the curricula of higher education
  4. VolSOS Project: an environmental volunteers programme
  5. Seminars on introducing the environment into the curricula at the Faculty of Tourism and the Faculty of Education and Psychology
  6. Introducing the environment into end-of-degree projects and internships
  7. The existence of sustainability as a transversal skill in all degrees at the UdG, and the future plan to implement and assess skills.

These actions have been accompanied with public education and awareness-raising such as the Sustainability Week at the UdG (which has been held for 7 years), the renewable energy week (4 years), the Sustainable and Safe Mobility Week (9 years) and the fun environmental sporting event Gymkhana Ambiental Ambientathló (7 years).

Specific examples of awareness-raising include: UdCeroCO2, Bag-free UdG, Walk to the UdG, Two sides (reusing both sides of paper), Environmentally-Friendly (promoting sustainable mobility), Here you can (campaign to make the best use of resources and reduce waste). Finally, the publication of the UdG Environmental Issues website and the environmental information notice boards and advice centres have been very useful.

Joint use of space by the university and municipalities (the Social Campus’ current situation)

The UIB and UdG are very different cases due to having such different kinds of campuses in terms of their location in relation to city centres. While the former is 7.5 km from Palma, the various campuses in Gerona form part of the city.

The UIB’s campus

Palma City Council and the UIB are in process of negotiating the mutual use of facilities and services. Campo de la Antoniana, sporting facility in the city centre, belongs to the UIB, which has assigned the sporting facilities for public use.

 


The City Councils of Valldemossa, Esporles and Bunyola, which neighbour the campus, have agreements for the use of these sporting facilities.

The campus’ lecture rooms are used by various public and private institutions.

The UIB’s campus is used as an outer-city leisure area by the inhabitants of the neighbouring towns: Palma, Valldemossa, Esporles and Bunyola. The urban development and landscaping planned for the campus will benefit this use.

The number 19 bus route will be altered, at the request of the UIB and ParcBit, so that there is a better public transport service.

The UdG’s campus

As mentioned above, the integration of the University in the city has promoted collaboration in terms of restoration, conversion and shared use of space.

All the UdG’s Campuses have been built on land belonging to Girona City Council. Collaboration on the Barri Vell Campus has made it possible to restore and improve areas in the city’s historic district, analyse the impact of mobility and recover the use of historic buildings and areas. On the Montilivi Campus, which was built in a rural area, use of the area has been restored and the Professional Training centre has been integrated into the campus itself. This has served as an example and driving force for sustainability at all levels: architecture, landscaping, waste management and renewable energy.

The future Health Campus is another example of municipal collaboration with Sarrià de Ter Council, as mentioned in the Physical Campus section. The PCiT has been built with the collaboration of the Quart municipality and the UdG has various associated centres in the Salt municipality.

All the Campuses are open to the public and there are freely accessible libraries and there are lecture rooms ad equipment that can also be used both by different public and by private companies. The UdG also holds a series of social and sporting activities in which the public can take part.

There are many other different forms of collaboration, such as, for example, collaboration between the municipality of Figueras and the Graduate Employability Studies Centre, the Interreg centre shared among the UdG and the University of Montpellier, Toulouse and Andorra, and more than 20 professorships throughout the region, most of which are run in collaboration with the municipality or regional councils.

Integrating people into the campus’ social model and life (the Social Campus’ current situation)
Innovation in spatial identity, integrated housing and uses, and interaction with the urban surroundings

The new urban development work on the UIB’s campus, designing and carrying out the pedestrian pathways in the southern area, including a public square with a service area, and government-subsidised rental housing, will be the subject of a call for ideas. The concepts of spatial identity, integrated housing and uses, and interaction with the surroundings will be conditions for on its development and performance. The spirit of the urban development alterations in the Special Campus Plan underway specifically concerns making the best use of space, while taking advantage of the privilege of the university facilities being positioned in the countryside around a wetland. We have worked together with the Majorca Transport Consortium, the Municipal Transport Company, Palma City Council and ParcBit to achieve an effective and efficient urban transport system.

The UdG, as mentioned above, has organised a large number of campaigns and plans to take specific action that will ensure such integration (getting rid of barriers, pedestrian pathways, sustainable mobility, integration into an urban environment, etc.).

Introduction plans

The e-MTA Campus has launched various campaigns aimed at people from the various groups joining the university community as new members.

The UIB offers a set of basic, useful pieces of information to aid their integration into university life and improve their learning and performance, and to benefit the working atmosphere. These in particular include the Welcome Programme and the Comprehensive Induction Plan.

The UdG is emphasising the international induction plan (for students, lecturers and administration and services staff),  and also offers a support programme for the disabled and its relevant Equal Opportunities Plan with regards to disability, which is a unit included in the Student Service and Information Centre.

Guide for exchange students and visitors

The UIB’s International Relations Service (SRI) has published a complete guide in Spanish and English in which it welcomes students and informs them about the SRI, the Balearic Islands, the UIB, the UIB’s services, studying at the UIB and facilities for living in Palma. The UdG includes this action in the international induction plan.

Monitoring Centres and Management Related Facilities Related to the Social Campus

  • Office for Gender Equality and Equal Opportunities at the UIB responsible for analysing, disseminating and guaranteeing equality between mend and women throughout the entire university community and integrating people who belong to socially underprivileged groups and/or those at risk of social exclusion.

The equivalent at the UdG is the Unit for Equality between Men and Women, which is responsible for awareness-raising, communication and arranging activities. It has Gender Equality and Equal Opportunities Plans.

  • The Balearic Islands Social Observatory (OSIB). This project began at the UIB in 2007 as a result of the collaboration agreement between the Balearic Ministry of Social Affairs, Promotion and Immigration and the UIB, concerning social services.
  • Development Cooperation and Solidarity Offices at both the UIB and the UdG, which manage the development cooperation programmes and the volunteer programmes, as well as other activities that may arise in these fields. The programmes are a result of applying the social responsibility policies that are funded with 0.7% of the university’s funding, and contributions by the autonomous community’s cooperation agencies and the AECI.
  • Educational guidance and personal advice programmes to help students in these fields. The UdG also offers its own psychological counselling service, with an average of 100 users per year.
  • University offices to support people with special needs to promote and integrate disabled people in the UIB and the UdG, providing a welcome, advice and support to these students, responding to their requests and ensuring full accessibility by removing any kinds of barriers.
  • Environmental Management and Sustainability Offices and Green Office. These offices have played a crucial role in recent years in coordinating environmental management among the different areas of the respective universities, carrying out the required technical tasks for correct management and environmental protection and, from time to time, informing the different groups in the University and contracted service staff about environmental training programmes. We should point out that the Green Office at the UdG is currently coordinating the work group for Environmental Quality and Sustainable Development for the Conference of Rectors of Spanish Universities (CRUE), chaired by the rector of the UdG.

Within the e-MTA framework these offices work together to achieve more efficient management of the resources earmarked for these activities.

Guided tours

The UIB’s Information Service organises personal guided tours around the university campus. The main objective of these tours is to make the facilities the university known: the laboratories, environmental itinerary, computer rooms, libraries, videoconferencing rooms, etc.

Halls of residence

The UIB’s halls of residence are located on campus. There are 97 single rooms and 4 double rooms, all of which are en suite. In addition, Information Services runs the Accommodation Exchange, which offers off-campus accommodation.

The UdG has various accommodation options with a total capacity for 210 residents in the RESA halls of residence. For the forthcoming academic year it has 105 places available in individual or double apartments on the Montilivi Campus. It should be highlighted that all of these buildings have energy-saving ratings. Apart from these accommodation units, it manages 1780 units in an accommodation exchange (University Accommodation Service – SAU). This number has increased 15% over the last 4 years.

Sports facilities

The UIB’s CampusEsport facilities are ISO 14001 certified, which confirms its environmental protection efforts. It has an indoor swimming pool, sports room, tennis court, 6 paddle tennis courts and a football pitch, 3 tennis courts, a football pitch with artificial turf (7- and 5-a-side), a multiuse sports court (basketball/volleyball/tennis), 2 table tennis tables and 4 changing rooms. The department organises free-choice activities and university leagues and, from time to time, it organises activities open to both members and non-members, in which the neighbouring community can also take part. In 2012 the UdG will host the World University Rowing Championships in Banyoles (where the UdG’s Sport and Physical Education Professorship is based).

The sporting facilities at the UdG include 3 paddle tennis courts, 3 tennis courts, 5- and 7-a-side football pitch with artificial turf, a multi-sports pitch (basketball/volleyball/tennis), table tennis tables, as well as changing rooms and offices. The Sports Department also has an agreement with all municipal sports centres and a large number of private centres that members of the university community can use at discounted prices. In 2012 the UdG will host the World University Rowing Championships in Banyoles (where the UdG’s Sports and Physical Education Professorship is based).

Pedestrian area and specific internal mobility

We mentioned these before when we presented the removal of architectural barriers and encouraging the integration of disabled people. We also dealt with the pedestrian paths in the different areas of the campus and their integration in urban development to make it a pleasant area that also has sustainable transport.

Support for the disabled

The UIB has the University Office to Support Special Needs People and the UdG has the programme to support disabled people to ensure that disabled people are integrated into higher education, because we want an aware UIB/UdG with no barriers (architectural, communication or any other kind) in which everyone can take part with the same opportunities. A healthy place that welcomes everyone without discrimination.

This academic year the UdG launched the Piso Amigo Programme together with the Astrid 21 Foundation and the RESA student halls of residence, whereby two UdG students share a flat with six people from the Down’s Syndrome Foundation in order to promote independent living. The success of the programme has guaranteed its continuation.

Developing employment policies that allow university students to combine studying with working on the campus Collaborating students

i. Collaborating students

The UIB offers the following different collaborating student positions:

collaborating students position

Collaborating student positions

ii. Part-time students

The UIB’s Academic Regulations provide facilities for working students to be able to take the courses as part-time students. Through the new permanent degree regulations the UdG guarantees the possibility of studying part-time, which is also adapted to these kinds of students.

iii. Internships in companies and career advice

The Work Placement and Guidance Department (DOIP), which is managed by the University-Company Foundation of the Balearic Islands (FUEIB), the UdG’s University-Company Office and the Employment Exchange offers students and graduates (10,271 subscriptions and 1,433 job offers processed last year) offering a possibility of putting the knowledge they have learnt at the university into practice in the business world. It helps them integrate into the job market through internships in companies or organisations both in universities and internationally. They offer career advice and guidance services to help students find jobs and also to create a flow of opinion between the academic world and the business world, in order to adapt to their respective needs and achieve the maximum social benefits.

Throughout the past year the UdG has worked on 20 case studies, providing 41 individual mentoring sessions to 210 users of the Career Guidance Service and has processed 1,440 Educational Cooperation Agreements, which also include Placements in Work Environments and internships in companies and institutions. All of this has contributed to the positive results of the recent employment survey, which found that 90% of graduates of the UdG find a job within 3 years after completing their studies and over 60% manage to do so in fields related to their studies. 6 of every 10 students interviewed (1,013 out of a population of 1,439) also have permanent contracts.

The UIB’s Annual Occupation Forum helps find out which companies are interested in employing students and graduates through visits to stands, attendance at career advice and guidance workshops, roundtables and company presentations.

The PRO QUAE programme (a project to improve the quality and launch the careers of university graduates) promotes stable employment through company commitments and high graduate quality, and helps ensure that students find jobs in line with their level of education.

The results achieved in helping students find jobs through the DOIP are as follows:

use of the DOIP

Use of the DOIP by companies and students

finding jobs

Finding Jobs through the DOIP

Objectives

We have previously described the current situation of the e-MTA Social Campus. The general objectives for converting the UIB and UdG campuses for development of an integrated social model and their interaction with the surrounding area are as follows:

  • Sustainability of the university’s activity
  • Access by disabled people
  • Developing employment policies that allow university students to combine both their studies and their work on campus and have better access to the job market.

Actions

The e-MTA Campus will develop the following actions related to sustainability, removing architectural barriers and employability:

  • A.B.9, Student internships in PRES-PM companies
  • B.C.1, SATELLITE Project
  • B.C.5, Apoyo Project
  • B.C.10, Activating innovation ecosystems and lines of specialisation
  • C.B.1, Mejora Project
  • C.C.2, Virtual employability environment
  • C.C.3, Improvement in swimming pool water quality and recycling or use for sprinkling systems and including an Olympic rowing canal
  • C.C.4, e-MTA WebTV
  • C.C.5, ELIMINA Project
  • C.C.6, Youth e-MTA summer research campus
  • C.C.7, Examination technologies and electrical connection of the first rows of the lecture rooms
  • C.C.9, Press Office
  • C.C.10, Exterior promotion programme
  • C.C.11, Cultural change towards sustainability
  • C.G.1, Improvement in planning of the Montilivi campus of the UdG

Proyecto financiado por el Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte en el marco del Programa Campus de Excelencia Internacional

Universitat de les Illes Balears ⋅ Ctra. de Valldemossa, km 7.5 ⋅ Palma ⋅ 07122 Illes Balears ⋅ Tel: +34 971 173 000
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