iv. Indicators

This section various aspects are considered related to research quality and knowledge transfer.

Involvement of teaching and research staff (PDI) in research work

PDI have a very high participation and has increased in recent years 72% (UIB) and 77% (UdG) of the PDI is currently involved in research projects financed by public and competitive programmes and 87% (UIB) and 86% (UdG) are members of research groups. These percentages have remained constant over recent years. A similar proportion of PDI staff has been recognised with at least one research tranche. It is worth highlighting that, with regards to the latter indicator, the University of the Balearic Islands is sixth out of all Spanish public universities, according to a recent survey conducted by researchers at the University of Granada1.

full-time PDI doctorsPercentage of full-time PDI doctors with recognised research lines (UIB in blue and UdG in green)

Both universities have researchers of excellence in different fields, most of them teach one of the quality awarded PhDs and official master’s . The staff of the University Institutes and some external organisations are also very active in postgrad teaching.

Tenure and trainee researchers

In order to strengthen the existing research lines and endeavour to open new ones which, in turn, will lead to an increase in training offers, in particular postgrad, we have been taking part in various public programmes, both national (Ramón y Cajal, Juan de la Cierva, etc.) and regional (Beatriu de Pinós) to recruit technical support and research staff.

post-PhD and tenure researchersEvolution in the number of Post-PhDs and stabilised tenure researchers. In spite of the overall drop in 2010, the e-MTA headhunting programme, with an investment of €4M, is one of the most outstanding actions in the project

trainee researchers

Evolution in the number of trainee research staff members

At the UIB, the number of research staff members is also increasing through scholarships and technical support staff positions announced for research projects and agreements. In 2009, 107 collaboration scholarships were offered and 145 technical support workers were contracted. The UdG, in turn, has its own program of pre-PhD training of research staff since 1999, implying the call for 20 fellowships per year with a total of 80 scholarships, in addition to the scholarships that are achieved through agreements (BRAE), also co-financed by UdG.

With regards to the foregoing, since the first recruitments, we have always ensured that the post-PhD researchers contracted through competitive calls, such as those mentioned, teach PhD courses. The experience obtained during these years has proven that recruitment of these researchers has contributed to increasing both the quality and quantity of the research work at our universities, hence helping to make them more competitive.

It is worth mentioning that, at both universities, all the researchers recruited through the Ramón y Cajal programme who have completed their 5-year tenure-track period have already been recruited through public calls as contract PhD lecturers within the Incentives for Including and Intensifying Research Work Programme (I3). Therefore, 19 new prestigious researchers have been recruited so far and, with this strategy, our aim is to continue and contract all those that will be recruited in the future. The UdG has signed an agreement with the Catalan Institution for Research and Advanced Studies (ICREA), according to which the researchers that obtain an ICREA contract and intend to join the UdG are provided with all the facilities to do so.

Research budget

The total annual budget for both universities is about €100 M of which approximately 48% is earmarked for research and development, a percentage that has remained constant in recent years and our aim is to increase this to 55%.

e-MTA Campus budget earmarked for researchPercentage of the e-MTA Campus budget earmarked for research

The e-MTA Campus’ universities also have their own research support programmes. In the case of the UIB, the Research Promotion programme has been implemented2, which last year spent €1.5 million to fund various programmes, expenses for guest lecturers, conference travel and attendance expenses, repair and replacement of scientific materials, acquisition of scientific equipment, etc. Meanwhile the UdG has invested €2.2 million, €1 million of which is for the pre-PhD scholarship programme, while the remaining €1.2 million is for actions such as mobility funding, upkeep of research infrastructure, funding for projects in strategic fields and transfer grants to provide incentives for university-business collaboration. A strategic line of work is the incorporation of 10 post-PhD fellowships each year, allowing for internationally recognized researchers to temporarily join research groups and, thus, boost and improve the strategic lines. The aim is to increase the funds for these programmes up to €4M by 2015.

Resources earmarked for the Research Promotion Programmes of the e-MTA CampusResources earmarked for the Research Promotion Programmes of the e-MTA Campus

Regarding the funds obtained through public and competitive calls, the amount of economic resources obtained in this way has increased by 54% over the last 4 years in the UIB. The UdG parameter kept floating around €5.5M between 2006 and 2008, and grew considerably and more than doubled this figure to reach €12.9M in 2010.

In 2006, the COTEC report highlighted the research effort (average percentage of approved projects per staff lecturer) by the UIB and UdG, which are in 3rd and 4th place in this ranking with percentages of 62.4% and 62.2% respectively. The only universities ahead of us are the Carlos III University of Madrid, with 67.7%, and the Pompeu Fabra University, which tops the ranking with 88.5%. A more recent study conducted by Buela-Casal et al. (Psicothema 2010. Vol. 22, no. 2, pages 171-179), positions the UIB in 9th position in terms of the number of projects compared with the number of lecturers at the university. Out of 48 Spanish public universities, we are just below Miguel Hernández University and above the University of Barcelona. For this indicator, the UdG is in third place, only behind the Pompeu Fabra and Pablo de Olavide universities. Our objective is to increase this percentage to 70% for both universities by 2015.

Evolution in revenue per competitive projectEvolution in revenue per competitive project

It is also worth mentioning that the CEI-PM campus participates in 6 CONSOLIDER projects: ARES (Team for Advanced Research on Information Security and Privacy) CSD2007-00004, the Iberian Peninsula Metagenome CSD2007-00005, CPAN (The National Center for Particle, Astroparticle and Nuclear Physics) CSD2007-00047, the Malaspina Circumnavigation Expedition, MICROGEN (Microbial Comparative Genomics) CSD2009 00006, MULTIDARK (Multimessenger approach for dark matter detection) CSD2009 00064, INGENIO (Scarce) CSD2009-00065 and NOVEDAR CSD-2007-0055 as well as the European project ILIAS (Integrated Large Infrastructures for Astroparticle Science) and the CIBEROBN project. The UIB is also a founding member of the NuGO network of excellence European Nutrigenomics Organisation linking genomics, nutrition and health research) and is currently participating in 10 European projects, acting as coordinator for 2 of them: PHOCUS (Photonic liquid state machine based on delay-coupled systems) and BIOCLAIMS (Biomarkers of robustness of metabolic homeostasis for nutrigenomics-derived health).

It is also worth pointing out the participation of the UdG and IdIBGi groups in CIBER network projects (Centre of Networked Biomedical Research into Epidemiology and Public Health) at the Carlos III Health Institute. The Department of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Nutrition at the Girona Biomedical Research Institute (IdIBGi) is involved in the CIBER consortium for Physiopathology of Obesity and Nutrition (CiberObn) CB06/03/010. Meanwhile the GRECS (Statistics, Applied Economics and Health Research Group) is involved in the CIBER CB06/02/1002 project.

Scientific production

Scientific production has increased over the course of recent years, especially regarding publications in ISI journals.


Evolution in the number of articles published in JCR journals by the UIB and UdG

PhD theses read at the UIB and at the UdG

Evolution in the number of PhD theses read at the UIB and at the UdG

The number of PhD theses continues showing an upward trend with only slight fluctuations in recent years. At the UdG a noticeable increase occurred in 2006, resulting from a cooperation agreement with Cuban universities for PhD theses in environmental science, among others.

Research internationalisation level

It should be pointed out that a large part of the research articles are written in collaboration with other national and international research institutions. In this respect, according to the data in the SCImago 2011 Report, the UIB and UdG hold second and sixth positions out of 48 Spanish public universities in the internationalisation ranking.

Additional proof of this level of internationalisation is the increase in the number of international scientific conferences and meetings organised by researchers, research groups and institutes. These are further proof of our university’s external prestige. Last year, collaboration began between the IFISC and the Max Planck Society in Dresden and this resulted in joint workshops being held at both institutions, which are held alternatively between the UIB and the Max Planck Society at least twice a year. Likewise, LIGO programme meetings are regularly held at the UIB and the General Relativity Group of the IAC3 Institute is the only Spanish group taking part. This group also participates in the GEO project coordinated by the Max Planck Society in Hanover. One of the main goals of this project is to use the existing strong relationship with the Max Planck Society to set up an International PhD School. The UdG also has a high level of research internationalisation, especially in the institutes included in the lines of research of this project. For Example, since 1993 the IQC has organised the Girona Seminar3 every two years since 1993. The IMA often organises seminars and international conferences. The last one was the S2Small 2010 IWA conference on Sustainable Solutions for Small Water and Wastewater Systems4 in  April 2010.

Both universities are deeply committed to encouraging and promoting the internationalisation of their researchers through specific programmes to fund short-term stays and attend international scientific meetings and congresses. For years both the UIB and the UdG have run programmes to encourage research5, using their own funds, with an average annual budget of €400,000 for the UIB alone. They also use their own funds to hold congresses. In recent years they have been able to hold an average of 65 congresses and seminars each year, around 50% of which were on an international level.

There is also a visiting lecturer programme among these that funds visits (between 3 weeks and 3 months) by doctors with recognised prestige from research institutions and centres in other countries6. Thanks to this programme, there is an average of 39 visiting researchers every year7 and their average stay is 2 months. The excellent results obtained from this support programme and the interest shown by various research groups in its extension to include young researchers resulted in a new programme being created last year to fund brief visits of young doctors from foreign research centres and universities9. Its first call ended in June 2009.

Regarding the mobility of our researchers, in recent years an average of 60 researchers (30 at each university) each year have made long-term (three months or longer) visits to foreign centres or universities.

Most of these visits are financed through competitive, autonomous or national funding schemes. The university has also contributed to this mobility, mainly through two of its own support programmes: the programme for actions related to agreements that finance activities performed within the framework of agreements signed by the UIB and other universities or research centres and the research visits in the Harvard University programme, which finances visits to this university of between 1 and 6 months.

The aim of this project is also to encourage internationalisation in the sphere of postgrad courses by promoting double degrees with other universities and European PhD degrees. All of this will also be promoted by creating the PRES-PM Cross-Border Group.

Members of the CSIC belonging to some of the institutions are fully integrated in the UIB, participating in the Research Promotion and Internationalisation programmes with the same rights as UIB members.

Moreover research internationalisation plays a key role in the UdG’s strategy. It is true that this field is already highly internationalised. UdG researchers are very actively taking part in funding calls for research trips abroad. Part of the budget for promoting research is used to help mobility of trainee researchers and recently-qualified PhDs. Many research groups actively collaborate with groups all over the world, especially in Europe, North America and Australia. A clear sign of this is the relatively high index of publications co-authored with international researchers or the number and quality of the congresses and international meetings held in Girona. For example, in particular the  latter  include  the  congress  on  water  treatment  plants,  the  specific  didactic meetings and the digital mammography meeting. Every year a large number of visiting lecturers are invited to do part of the teaching on all of the Ph.D. programmes with a quality award and the corresponding master’s degree programmes.


For this e-MTA Campus, the UIB and the UdG already have general research support departments where a large number of staff are working for this purpose, as well as large teams of researchers, which along with the competitive groups’ research, this facilitates post-docs and foreign research staff being recruited.

In the case of the UIB, it must be taken into account that much of the university’s existing infrastructure is unique in the Community. Therefore, a policy is promoted to share large equipment with the rest of the research centres and other institutions in the Community, most of which are part of the strategic association.

Within the   Programme  to Encourage Research or Maintenance   of   Research Infrastructure, there is also an aid programme to repair and replace scientific material with an average annual  budget  of  €500,000  and  a  programme  to  acquire  scientific  infrastructure  with €350,000 in annual funding.

Some  of  the  most  important research  support  services and infrastructures are shown below.

General research support service

Research Support Office (OSR, Oficina de Suport a la Recerca)9

This body is responsible for coordinating research and assisting researchers in all the related bureaucratic procedures. The OSR is registered as the official OTRI for the UIB and has been accredited by AENOR with ISO 9001 certification since 2007. Its structure and duties can be seen on its website.

The OSR, as the official OTRI of the UIB, has been part of the OTRI Network10 since it was set up and it actively participates as a member of two of its work groups: the training group (OTRI-School), with the aim of contributing to strengthening the development of its offices and professional recruitment of its staff, its main work of this group being planning, designing and implementing the OTRI Network Training Plan, and the  European  projects group,  for  the  purpose  of  contributing  to  improving  participation  of  Spanish  university research groups in European R&D programmes, through developing mechanisms to favour the maximum professional standards for the services provided by the OTRI in this field. The OSR also belongs to the national UGI Network (Research Management Units Network) and the European Network of Technology Transfer Offices, PROTON11. The three networks have an exchange system between the various offices in the network enabling their staff to make training visits to other national and foreign transfer and assessment centres.

A Research Results Transfer Office of the University-Company Foundation (OTRI-FUEIB)12

This office is responsible for promoting the relationship between companies, the University of the Balearic Islands and other Balearic research centres regarding technological innovation. Its structure and duties can be found on its website.

The  OTRI-FUEIB  belongs  to  the  University-Company  Foundations  Network  with  which  it actively collaborates. Since last year, it has also participated through the OSR, in activities of the OTRI Network forming part of the group for creating spin-off companies. The OTRI-FUEIB is the area of the CDTI’s13 PIDI Network that provides companies with personalised financing  appraisals for  R&D&I  projects  and  it  also  participates  in  the  Uniemprendia project14 for promoting creation of spin-offs, the Value Management Centre (CGV)15 and TurisTEC16.

The OSR and OTRI-FUEIB are organised in such a manner that they complement each other and this is an advantage for developing each of the interface, promotion and management research and innovation duties, so that these actions are carried out  with greater coordination and efficiency by both units. From the end of the year 2000 up to now, the development of this institutional strategy has implied progress and specialisation of all the staff involved in the transfer of the UIB’s research results.

Both offices belong to the Balearic Government’s Technological Antennae Network17, in which they have led a large number of projects aimed at promoting innovation in the business sector of the Balearic Islands. Among these projects, we can highlight the technology promoters’ project in which the main course of action is promoting training for R&D&I managers and their recruitment by companies related to different sectors on the islands with the ultimate goal of helping them improve their competitive position in the market. This project was first launched in 2006 and since then it has trained 78 promoters. From the 40 promoters trained in 2006 and 2007, 18 were finally recruited by companies in which they were interns and about four million Euros was obtained in CDTI projects for innovation in companies.

OITT (Research and Technology Transfer Office)

The OITT is located in the UdG and is a central department unit at the UdG with the duties of a UGI (Research Management Office) and OTRI (Research Results Transfer Office) with various research-related duties, in particular: management of autonomous, national and European research funding (information, registration, application, economic management, justification for all kinds of research funding); technology   transfer   and   knowledge   management;  scholarship holder and researcher mobility management; support for scientific dissemination work; etc. The OITT, together with the University-Business Office (OUE), is the contact point between companies and the university for the transfer of results and knowledge obtained through research and applying it for its exploitation and therefore be able to direct and return research to the market and society through all possible channels. The OITT offers to manage contracts and agreements with companies to fund specific research based on business development needs. Products that need legal protection in the form of patent registration and licences can be inferred from this research. The OITT handles this management and offers the investor the possibility of taking part in the funding and results of spin-off companies that arise from within the university itself. Finally, the OITT also carries out duties related to communication and dissemination of science.

The OITT reports to two different bodies: organically, as a central department, it reports to the  University  Management,  and  functionally  it reports to the Deputy Rector’s Office for Research. The OITT also manages its own research projects due to its experience in technology transfer and its management.

Moreover, the OITT is responsible for various types of European funding and actions under the National R&D&I Plan. It belongs to and represents the UdG in several national and international networks: CTC (Catalan Transfer Consortium), XTT / XPPI, XIT, RedOTRI, Proton, TII.

University-Business Office

The main objective of the University-Business Office is to help companies and organisations access the information generated throughout the university environment. The OUE 2.0 portal been designed as a computer tool for social organisations that intend to provide an assistance service to institutions and companies to speed up communication in an innovating way. On the one hand, it is a smart search engine, which uses everyday language techniques to provide a reply to a company or institution that makes any kind of query about research and innovation projects, training, funding and subsidies and job offers or applications, etc. On the other hand, it is an electronic notice board of news and events related to the University-Business Office, which is made available to any company or institution that requires regular information.

Scientific and technical services18

In recent years both universities have made a great effort to build and provide new infrastructures with a priority placed on research, which has allowed the UIB to set up a high-technology instrumental park with unique characteristics in the CAIB. This instrument is centralised and available to researchers in the UIB’s Scientific and Technical Services (SCT). The SCT provides support for the university’s own researchers and public and private institutions and individuals that request it. In fact, thanks to agreements signed with the UIB, most of the research centres in our Community have access to these and other university research support services. The SCT has been certified by ENAC in accordance with the EN 45001 standard and it has its own facilities and staff. Details of the available equipment and techniques can be found at the relevant internet address.

As  far  as  the  UdG  is  concerned,  setting up and maintaining the  Research Technical Services (STR) can be especially highlighted and is important mainly due to the tough competition from universities just an hour away in Barcelona. This effort is part of the UdG’s strategic approach to offer a nearby service not only to its growing scientific community but also to all companies within its geographical scope that need to use any of its technologies. It was the right choice to move to its current site in the Scientific  Park three years ago since most of the cutting-edge research  is  being  carried  out  in  its  most immediate  surroundings.  It provides services to the Montilivi campus (where the faculties of Science and Medicine and the Polytechnic School are located), the Scientific and Technological Park, and the ICRA, which is a stone’s throw from the Scientific Park.  Its  services  currently  focus  on  statistical  advice,  chemical  and  thermal  analysis, molecular biology, materials characterisation and microscopy. Teaching support and training services, etc. are also provided. Finally, it is the laboratory of reference for forensic medicine in  Girona. It conducts all of the court-ordered DNA tests. This is an example of the social involvement of a department of this kind and it is the right choice to keep it open.

Information technology centre19

The UIB has also made significant investments in improving its communications and calculation services network with the current Information Technology Centre, which was extended this year through the Campus of Excellence funding granted in 2008 and co-funded by the CAIB. The UdG has made a clear commitment to being a university 2.0 and basing its work and progress on all of the possibilities that new technologies have to offer. In order to achieve this, the rector team appointed a Rector’s Commissioner specifically responsible for coordinating, promoting and assisting all the actions aimed at making it a University 2.0.

Geographic information services20

The UdG has set up the Geographical Information Systems and Remote Sensing Centre (SIGTE), which is an international reference for GIS use and applications. It offers its experience to all the UdG groups and local institutions. This department and the equivalent at the UIB are involved in work areas related to sustainable development.

Other participations

The UIB also takes part in the singular national reference infrastructures located in its Autonomous Community: The Centre of Research, Development and Innovation in Tourism (CIDTUR), in which it is a member on the Board of Directors and the Advisory Board; and the Coastal Observation System of the Balearic Islands (SOCIB) for which the formalities are also being carried out for its participation. In both cases some of the masters degrees offered by the UIB imply a specialisation programme for future professionals taking part in this infrastructure, such as the Master’s Degree in Tourism Economics and the Environment (a high quality Ph.D. training programme). In the last academic year all its students came from outside our Autonomous Community, which shows its ability to attract students in this field. In the academic year 2009-10 teaching of the Master’s of analysis, planning and management of coastal areas began. The technical staff from these reference infrastructures will take part in these master’s degree programmes.

The UIB also participates in the ILIAS project (Integrated Large Infrastructures for Astroparticle Science), through the Relativity Group included in the IAC3, which groups together two types of large infrastructures: underground laboratories for detecting astroparticles and gravitational wave observatories.

Knowledge transfer

Revenue from contracts and agreements at the UIB and UdG

Revenue from contracts and agreements at the UIB and UdG

The data included in the graph above shows the evolution in the funding obtained from contracts and agreements between the UIB and companies and institutions clearly indicating an upward trend. In fact, over the last ten years the funding obtained by the UIB through article 83 agreements has multiplied tenfold and currently represents 10% of its budget. There is a similar trend at the UdG in terms of both the strategic importance of transfer and innovation work and the increase in income from such activities.

The agreements and contracts signed in particular include the agreement with Majorca Council and the concession holder, a company called TIRME, under which the Scientific Technical Department, together with other competitive research groups (Analytical Chemistry, Microbiology) have, since 1996, applied the environmental monitoring plan for the Environmental Technology Park for treating solid urban waste. The UIB is also responsible for the environmental monitoring plan for the company MAC INSULAR, which deals with construction, demolition and tyre waste. Each year the company TIRME, in collaboration with the UIB, organises a postgrad training course for environmental technicians. Due to space constraints it is given at the company itself, so setting up the Postgrad Centre will benefit and increase this collaboration. The UIB, through the Atomic, Molecular and Nuclear Physics Group, together with the Analytical Chemistry Group, has monitored environmental radiation on the islands through its agreement with the Nuclear Safety Council since 1991.

Another sign of the UIB’s growing interaction with the business world is the 180% increase in the number of analysis that the companies in the area have conducted in the University’s Scientific and Technical Department since 2005. The billing of from these has provided revenue of about €350,000.

Within the context of the University of Girona (UdG), the Scientific and Technological Park of the University of Girona (PCiT) is the main player for promoting economic development based on knowledge and technology and hence the main factor affecting transfer actions. From the date it was founded in 2007, it has been characterised by a great deal of promotional work for transfer and continually being present as a contact person between the UdG and its social and economic surroundings.

All of this PCiT work aimed at international promotion of a knowledge-based brand of Girona benefits of from its proximity to Barcelona. The Park is thus working to minimise the technological gap between the two cities as much as possible. For the purpose of innovation and technology, the perception must be that it makes no difference whether one is based in Barcelona or Girona. In fact, questions such as cost and quality of life clearly act in favour of Girona.

Evolution in the number of valid patents, UIB and UdG

Evolution in the number of valid patents, UIB and UdG

At the UIB, in the fields of natural resources, tourism and new technologies, along with the health sciences field have produced a portfolio of 41 patents over the last 4 years. 17 of these have an international PCT status and 18 have been licensed to the productive sector. In 2010,Thousands of €

€92,000 was obtained from patents and even though this represents a sharp increase compared with the 2005 results, it is a factor that our university aims to improve even more through this project. At the UdG this figure is more modest but shows excellent progress with only three years of the Science Park being operational.

Evolution in revenue from licences, UIB and UdG

Evolution in revenue from licences, UIB and UdG

The number of spin-offs has also increased in recent years, reaching the current total of 14 at the UIB. At the UdG we have created a total of 18 spin-offs over the last five years.

Evolution in the number of spin-off companies, UIB and UdG

Evolution in the number of spin-off companies, UIB and UdG

The UdG has obtained 17 patents, 3 of which have recently been licensed for exploitation. However, as far as innovation is concerned, it is especially significant how many spin-offs and start-ups have arisen from the UdG’s research work. The UdG is a pioneer in various kinds of work such as setting up a company to take holdings in spin-offs or approving the regulations for spin-offs. The Technological Springboard has supported all this work, based at the OITT and receiving funding from the Catalan government’s ACC1Ó organisation.


1 G. Buela-Casal et al., Psicothema 2009. Vol. 21, no. 2, pages 309-317
7 30 in 2009
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